An international and interprofessional research group

Gender-informed research to Overcome Diagnostic Delay and Emotional dysregulation through Self-awareness and Self-efficacy in female ADHD

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"Self-efficacy through empowerment & self-awareness!"

The male body has been, and still is, the societal and medical norm. But females are not only smaller than men. Biological factors, such as sex hormones, will have long-term consequences for girls and women.

On the other hand, by improving psychosocial and sexual health in girls and young women we have the power to influence mental and public health outcomes in generations to come!

"It’s not about how you feel, it’s what you do!"

The GODDESS Mission

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"Knowledge is power, and power is responsibility!"

We are a group of researchers with diverse backgrounds and expertise, all interested in understanding the connections between gender, sex, and mental symptoms in real life. 

Our goal is to increase knowledge in society and improve healthcare through precision medicine for girls and women with ADHD. 

We are convinced that a focus on the physical, mental, and sexual health of girls and women can impact health outcomes for both boys and girls, men and women, for generations to come. 

Why more research is needed!

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"For females with ADHD, adverse mental and somatic health outcomes are common and often result in dysfunction and subsequent suffering. Women with ADHD, undiagnosed or diagnosed, often feel ignored, abandoned, or misunderstood by conventional health care. This can in turn lead to mistrust and desperation, as the women keep searching for explanations and remedies for their mental health challenges, diffuse somatic symptoms, and pain conditions.

A limited number of studies – often of low quality – have studied single phenomena and outcomes in this significant group of women. Not only are they utilizing considerable health care resources; above all there is a complete lack of research and understanding into health, everyday function, and quality of life among these women.

This knowledge gap creates room for opportunistic providers of “health interventions”, medical advice and far-reaching changes in lifestyle. This includes extreme exercise or dietary interventions, such as exclusion of caffeine, gluten, carbohydrates, or other extreme diets.

Yet others claim “hormonal imbalances” and prescribe non evidence-based hormonal treatments or combinations of vitamin and herbal extracts to be purchased over the internet. These interventions may potentially result in more harm than benefit, putting further stress on individuals prone to anxiety and depression.

Serious health care providers note that women with ADHD are especially prone to grasping for non-evidence-based health care interventions, and report an urgent need for evidence-based advice for women with ADHD across the whole lifespan."

Lotta Borg Skoglund and
Helena Kopp Kallner,
Head of the clinical research department and clinical trials unit at the department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Danderyd Hospital


Lotta Borg Skoglund, Helena Kopp Kallner and Lisa Thorell are the principal investigators of this international trans-professional research group involving researchers from child-, adolescent-, and adult psychiatry, gynecology, epidemiology, development psychology and social sciences. 

We share the holistic, empowering, and evidence-based focus on women’s health, women’s rights, and neurodiversity. Through active communication with patients, their loved ones, and the society at large we wish to contribute to the dissemination of research findings, decreased stigmatization and bridging of important public knowledge gaps on mental and reproductive female health.  

Read more about GODDESS and our research here.   

Epidemiological research

Qualitative research

In the pipeline

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We aim to let our research inform the development of the first precision health tool for female mental health, Letterlife.  

We think that by combining technology and neuroscience, we can foster self-awareness, self-efficacy and empower girls and women with ADHD to stay actively engaged, and in charge of their bodies, minds, and hormones. 

We believe that a co-creating process involving lead patient users, patient organizations, healthcare professionals and researchers have the best potential to detect, predict and treat female specific mental health challenges across the lifespan. 

We predict that individual information, collected and validated though active as well as passive daily monitoring via Letterlife will generate substantial value and be critical for attaining our long-term goals of improving physical, mental, and reproductive health outcomes in girls and women with ADHD. 

We hope to contribute to the development and evaluation of the Letterlife vision of a user-friendly and holistic digital tool to improve safety and efficacy, reduce diagnostic delay and societal costs, mitigate co-existing difficulties and overuse of medications 

We know that we can improve the reproductive outcomes of female ADHD by preventing unwanted teenage births and obstetric risk factors.

Self-efficacy is knowing what to do and doing what you know!